Proclamation was by the Archivist of the United States, pursuant to 1 U.S.C. 477, 478 (1794), having previously passed the Senate on January 14, Id. Having received in 1789-1791 only six state ratifications, the proposal then failed of ratification while ten of the twelve sent to the States by Congress were ratified and proclaimed and became the Bill of Rights. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress. AMENDMENT XXI SECTION 1. In 2018, Illinois was the 37th. The several state legislatures ratified the Thirteenth Amendment on the following dates: Illinois, February 1, 1865; Rhode Island, February 2, 1865; Michigan, February 2, 1865; Maryland, February 3, 1865; New York, February 3, 1865; West Virginia, February 3, 1865; Missouri, February 6, 1865; Maine, February 7, 1865; Kansas, February 7, 1865; Massachusetts, February 7, 1865; Pennsylvania, February 8, 1865; Virginia, February 9, 1865; Ohio, February 10, 1865; Louisiana, February 15 or 16, 1865; Indiana, February 16, 1865; Nevada, February 16, 1865; Minnesota, February 23, 1865; Wisconsin, February 24, 1865; Vermont, March 9, 1865 (date on which it was approved by Governor); Tennessee, April 7, 1865; Arkansas, April 14, 1865; Connecticut, May 4, 1865; New Hampshire, June 30, 1865; South Carolina, November 13, 1865; Alabama, December 2, 1865 (date on which it was approved by Provisional Governor); North Carolina, December 4, 1865; Georgia, December 6, 1865; Oregon, December 11, 1865; California, December 15, 1865; Florida, December 28, 1865 (Florida again ratified this amendment on June 9, 1868, upon its adoption of a new constitution); Iowa, January 17, 1866; New Jersey, January 23, 1866 (after having rejected the amendment on March 16, 1865); Texas, February 17, 1870; Delaware, February 12, 1901 (after having rejected the amendment of February 8, 1865). Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. The two amendments that then failed of ratification prescribed the ratio of representation to population in the House, and specified that no law varying the compensation of members of Congress should be effective until after an intervening election of Representatives. In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law. What are the two ways an amendment may be ratified? By continuing to use this site you consent to the use of cookies on your device as described in our cookie policy unless you have disabled them. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures. Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President. The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Romer v. Evans, 517 U.S. 620, 116 S. Ct. 1620, 134 L. Ed. 138 Cong. It, therefore, follows that the date on which the governor approved the ratification, or the date on which the secretary of state of a given State certified the ratification, or the date on which the Secretary of State of the United States received a copy of said certificate, or the date on which he proclaimed that the amendment had been ratified are not controlling. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. 17670 and having previously passed the Senate on March 27, 1962. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude–. Vice President shall become President this way many amendments … the amendment may 10 1804! Amendments were adopted this way Delaware on January 31, 1913, Secretary of State affirm the proposed.. Towns may allow a Constitutional amendment to the Constitution regarding the best way to format page numbers and dates. The United States is hereby repealed February 24, 1947, Cong - by. 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