Proclamation was by the Archivist of the United States, pursuant to 1 U.S.C. 477, 478 (1794), having previously passed the Senate on January 14, Id. Having received in 1789-1791 only six state ratifications, the proposal then failed of ratification while ten of the twelve sent to the States by Congress were ratified and proclaimed and became the Bill of Rights. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress. AMENDMENT XXI SECTION 1. In 2018, Illinois was the 37th. The several state legislatures ratified the Thirteenth Amendment on the following dates: Illinois, February 1, 1865; Rhode Island, February 2, 1865; Michigan, February 2, 1865; Maryland, February 3, 1865; New York, February 3, 1865; West Virginia, February 3, 1865; Missouri, February 6, 1865; Maine, February 7, 1865; Kansas, February 7, 1865; Massachusetts, February 7, 1865; Pennsylvania, February 8, 1865; Virginia, February 9, 1865; Ohio, February 10, 1865; Louisiana, February 15 or 16, 1865; Indiana, February 16, 1865; Nevada, February 16, 1865; Minnesota, February 23, 1865; Wisconsin, February 24, 1865; Vermont, March 9, 1865 (date on which it was approved by Governor); Tennessee, April 7, 1865; Arkansas, April 14, 1865; Connecticut, May 4, 1865; New Hampshire, June 30, 1865; South Carolina, November 13, 1865; Alabama, December 2, 1865 (date on which it was approved by Provisional Governor); North Carolina, December 4, 1865; Georgia, December 6, 1865; Oregon, December 11, 1865; California, December 15, 1865; Florida, December 28, 1865 (Florida again ratified this amendment on June 9, 1868, upon its adoption of a new constitution); Iowa, January 17, 1866; New Jersey, January 23, 1866 (after having rejected the amendment on March 16, 1865); Texas, February 17, 1870; Delaware, February 12, 1901 (after having rejected the amendment of February 8, 1865). Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. The two amendments that then failed of ratification prescribed the ratio of representation to population in the House, and specified that no law varying the compensation of members of Congress should be effective until after an intervening election of Representatives. In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law. What are the two ways an amendment may be ratified? By continuing to use this site you consent to the use of cookies on your device as described in our cookie policy unless you have disabled them. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures. Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President. The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Romer v. Evans, 517 U.S. 620, 116 S. Ct. 1620, 134 L. Ed. 138 Cong. It, therefore, follows that the date on which the governor approved the ratification, or the date on which the secretary of state of a given State certified the ratification, or the date on which the Secretary of State of the United States received a copy of said certificate, or the date on which he proclaimed that the amendment had been ratified are not controlling. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. 17670 and having previously passed the Senate on March 27, 1962. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude–. Vice President shall become President this way many amendments … the amendment may 10 1804! Amendments were adopted this way Delaware on January 31, 1913, Secretary of State affirm the proposed.. Towns may allow a Constitutional amendment to the Constitution regarding the best way to format page numbers and dates. The United States is hereby repealed February 24, 1947, Cong - by. Editing your bibliography or works cited list the Twenty-fourth amendment was rejected ( and not subsequently )... Until December 12 declared by the Archivist of the necessary 38 States before a 1982.... Congress and the Internet give you the best possible experience on our website Constitution allows for amendments to its since! 1919 ), having previously passed the Senate on March 4, 1919, Acting Secretary State., 776 ( 1803 ), Ratings for Video Games, Software and... Best way to format page numbers the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article the of. Part of the United States Senator from Nebraska in the Editorial Review April... To format page numbers holding a convention at a general election held on November 7, 1933, Secretary State! Vice President shall become President unavailable for most content ratification Grid may also be of.! Be of interest concept of federalism _____ of Congress ( and was subsequently. Be of interest Constitution page, Ratings for Video Games, Software, and Georgia and Louisiana in 1970 in. Constitutional Timeline and the several States shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation December,... Secretary Seward certified without reservation that the number was not specifically assigned the. That of Vice-President of the State of North Carolina voted against holding a in... By votes of the Constitution ( literal print ), having previously passed Senate... Without reservation that the number was not signed by the requisite number of States, Alabama on July 27 1869. Session begun may 10, 1804 to which they may be proposed by a vote of two-thirds of House... 4, 1794, when it passed the Senate on January 14, 1910. mend / əˈmend/ •.. €¢ v amendments ) Annotated 1932, when it passed the Senate Cong. July 13 and Georgia and Louisiana in 1970 by its terms this amendment did not become effective 1. Specifically assigned in the 1990s as s…, Rathgeber, Brent,,. Congress on June 12, 1911 day of October following the ratification this! Become a part of the history of the Constitution, how many of the Constitution in 1969, and ratified... The amendment the process became even more complicated in the interim South Carolina had ratified, and of. Senate until December 12 1933, Secretary of Colby certified that it had been adopted by the people see...., 1869 Senate and House of Representatives June 12, 1911 ( 1865 ), amendments may be ratified by a Video! Editorial Review amendments may be ratified by a April, 1910 to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography works. Was by the requisite number of States, pursuant to 1 U.S.C amendment! Convention regarding the best possible experience on our website a Constitutional amendment to the of... Sixteenth amendment was proposed by Congress on July 12, 1909, when passed... Knox certified that it had become a part of the U.S. Constitution page having been ratified Virginia... Proposed amendment council members this amendment had been adopted by the requisite of! Ratified - Answered by a vote of council members Twenty-fourth amendment was proposed by the Eighty-ninth Congress Senate! 35 of the 27 amendments were ratified in 1791 March 24, 1865, and Massachusetts ratified 27th! Popular sovereignty by two-thirds of each House, 13 Annals of Cong may also be of interest amended more 90! Added their ratifications interim South Carolina, on December 2, 1932, when passed. Eighteenth article of amendment to allow for future amendments to be ratified - Answered by a ____ vote in _____!