There are motorized dampers, backdraft dampers, pressure relief dampers and make-up air.Each has its benefits and no matter what your needs are there is one that is perfect for your situation. A. Types of Dampers in HVAC. Types of Dampers Dampers are classified based on their performance of friction, metal (flowing), viscous, viscoelastic; shape memory alloys (SMA) and mass dampers. Air control dampers are installed at various points in the duct work to control air flow system. With over 40 years of innovating . Commercial control dampers regulate the flow of air in the same manner as manual balancing dampers. Nov 22, 2019 - Know the different types of dampers and uses in HVAC system. Some industrial dampers are designed for pressure relief, or recommended for use within specific HVAC systems. A zone damper (also known as a Volume Control Damper or VCD) is a specific type of damper used to control the flow of air in an HVAC heating or cooling system. Fire dampers are crucial passive fire protection products and are used in air conditioning, ventilation and heating systems. Zone dampers are generally driven electrically as used in home HVAC systems. Volume Control Dampers allows even distribution and flow control of air at high duct pressures and are suitable for various type of HVAC applications. Sizes range from 4 inches to 16 inches. 1.) Volume control dampers are offered with either parallel or opposed blade operation and each style has distinguishing characteristics with regard to the type of operation. 2: Viscoelastic Damper. If a damper does not close properly, the integrity of the fire barrier is compromised. For example, in a house, the main floor may be served by one heating zone while the upstairs bedrooms are served by another. Manual Dampers. A damper is sometimes used to cut off central air conditioning (heating or cooling) to an unused room, or to regulate it for room-by-room temperature and climate control. All our intumescent fire dampers and smoke dampers are designed for application in ventilating systems and air conditioning systems where the … While many people are familiar with the process, they do not know that the airflow can be controlled manually. Types & definitions of HVAC duct & flue dampers, vibration dampeners, and fire dampers found in buildings. This type of damper dissipates the building’s mechanical energy by converting it into heat. Choose from both rectangle and round configurations designed specifically for things like safety applications, low-leakage and heavy duty industrial needs, and backdraft for pressure relief. In addition, they can be used as a positive shutoff or for automatic control. Today, we offer a complete line of HVAC dampers and air control products including volume control, balancing, round, zone, fire, smoke and combined models. Having this ability allows people to control the amount of air that enters their home or business. Types of dampers in hvac has been spread to many different nations, which refers that purchasers are not just from domestic areas but also from foreign nations. Fig. How much are HVAC dampers? FAMCO sells high quality HVAC dampers for a variety of uses. There are many different types of dampers that can be used to regulate the air distribution in your home. Types of dampers include fire dampers, smoke dampers, combination fire-smoke dampers, ceiling radiation dampers and corridor dampers. motorized damper : when you connect smoke fan to AHU duct(one on the fan duct normally close and one on the AHU duct normally open) -the2 dampers work by signal from the fire alarm system. As the thermostat is adjusted, the dampers automatically activate to increase or decrease air flow. This is HVAC … With the increased use of dynamic fire control systems, it was discovered that ordinary static type fire dampers would not always close if the HVAC system blower continued to run. When an application needs air shutoff, both the support of damper and louver is required as louvers are equipped with fixed blades that are unable to close. Louvers may be adjustable, or suitable for applications that require noise control. To correctly control the spread of smoke through the HVAC system, the specifier should create a design using Fire Dampers and Smoke Control Dampers in the correct location. Opposed blade dampers have the blades moving in opposing directions. 1. See Fig 2. Different types of Dampers and Louvers. Dampers for HVAC Purposes. These devices are also used in air mixing zones to get hot and cold air. Each damper type will perform a particular function in a complete PFP system, but their purpose is the same: to give people time to evacuate the building. In case of fire, the fire and gas dampers will close automatically, preventing additional oxygen to enter the space to fuel and spread a fire. Several factors such as ambient temperature and the loading frequency affect the performance and consequently the effectiveness of the damper system. The types of dampers in HVAC vary depending on their location, the ducting structure, and the damper’s purpose. At Johnson Controls, we offer Damper Controls in a diverse range of models. Control dampers can fully open or close the blades multiple times in a day to carry out the given task. In this article, we will discuss the four types of life safety dampers and how they work in an emergency. FIRE DAMPERS Fire dampers are used to restrict the spread of fire where ducts and air transfer openings penetrate… read more This is tutorial video regarding HVAC Dampers or Volume control dampers in English language. (journal,2006) . Below are 7 damper types used in hvac industry. Their functions vary depending on the damper type. Another type of damper is viscoelastic dampers that stretch an elastomer in combination with metal parts. Like dampers, louvers are usually made of aluminum or steel. There are two basic types of duct damper models, and each is chosen based on the application. Type of HVAC systems can be divided into central HVAC systems and local HVAC systems. Fire/smoke dampers are similar to fire dampers in fire resistance rating, and also prevent the spread of smoke inside the ducts. There are two common types of HVAC dampers: manual and automatic. It is another type of VCD that differs somewhat from the previous VCD shown above. Parallel blade dampers are designed in a way so the blades move in the same parallel direction (similar to a window louver) when opened. Selecting the Common damper types right actuator and applications The right damper actuator for any HVAC application Our OpenAir™ series provides more torque sizes to meet all of your needs. The central HVAC systems can serve multiple and single zones and locate away from the building, which needs distribution devices. Dampers fall into five types, each with a specific function. Each system brings unique benefits to HVAC applications. Levers located outside of air vents and ducts control damper plates or valves in a manual system. Control Dampers. A zone damper is a specific type of damper used to control the flow of air in a heating, ventilation, air conditioning system. The High-temperature damper operates continuously at 300°c for up to 2 hours. What type of control action will the damper perform? Among the advantages of using dampers we can infer to high energy absorbance, easy to install and replace them as well as coordination to other structure members. Its operation can be manual or automatic. If a damper is required to operate automatically as part of a HVAC system, an electric or pneumatic actuator should be provided. In general a fire damper works when heat from a fire causes the normal temperature of a room to rise to approximately 165 degrees Fahrenheit i.e. This article defines and describes barometric dampers, draft regulators, automatic flue dampers, draft inducers, zone dampers, HVAC supply register controls, fire dampers, automatic fire and smoke dampers, fireplace dampers, and fresh air inlet dampers and controls. In order to improve efficiency and occupant comfort, HVAC systems are commonly divided up into multiple zones. Control dampers allow the airflow through the system and are installed at different points in the ductwork. Johnson Controls is committed to customer satisfaction, and that’s why we custom-build each of our HVAC dampers to suit your specific size and model requirements. Parallel blade damper are constructed so that all the blades are moved … There are two major … FAMCO provides a variety of different dampers to help suit whatever your needs may be. There are typically two different types of blade dampers used to modulate air flow: parallel and opposed blade dampers. The various types of industrial dampers are used to fulfill different requirements and service conditions – and so, one style simply can’t fulfill all industrial application needs. Will it be two-position, modulating, or some other type of control? Damper Types. Fire Dampers Slip and Clip Type Volume Control Damper. In HVAC installations two different types of rectangular dampers are used to modulate air flow. Kele offers the following types of commercial volume control dampers: Fire dampers are passive fire protection products used in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) ducts to prevent the spread of fire inside the ductwork through fire-resistance rated walls and floors. Our smoke dampers are used to manage smoke only, whilst our intumescent fire smoke dampers also manage fire and are designed to close when the temperature reaches 74°c. Manual dampers are turned by a handle on the outside of a duct. On the other hand, louvers are used in places where protection from water infiltration is needed. In either situation, a mechanical coupling generally connects the engine to the damper. control actuators, Siemens is a recognized global leader in HVAC damper actuators. These are parallel and opposed blade dampers. In this video explained the Types of Volume dampers or HVAC dampers in detail. Where your HVAC system penetrates fire and smoke barriers, dampers are installed to sustain the integrity of the barrier ratings. Dampers. This classification depends on zone types and the location of HVAC equipment. They also can be sub-classified into all-air HVAC systems, air-water systems, all-water … Answer added by magdy abd al nour, hvac site engineer , First United Co. 5 years ago . The functions of the two types of damper are outlined below. Parallel blade dampers are con-structed so all the blades move in the same direction and in parallel. A heating and air conditioning system is designed to produce hot and cold air and force it into a building structure, such as a home or commercial facility. The prices vary by damper type, so we will outline a few here to paint a better picture: Motorized damper: Our motorized dampers start at $115.01 for a 4 inch 24 volt damper with no end switch. Marine fire dampers are used in air conditioning and ventilation ductwork onboard yachts, merchant ships, navy vessels and offshore rigs to prevent the spread of fire, smoke and gas inside the ductwork. Every type of damper works in accordance with UL standards, performs different functions, and must be maintained differently. smoke damper : normally closed installed with smoke fans - in case of fire it open by the smoke heat. 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